She was was queen consort of England and Ireland (1543–47) as the last of the six wives of King Henry VIII, and the final queen consort of the House of Tudor. She married him on 12 July 1543, and outlived him by a year and eight months. With four husbands, she is the most-married English queen.
The sixth and last wife of henry viii was catherine parr who went by Kate catherine and henry were married 3 years, 6 months and 16 days
.Her motto as queen was To Be Useful In All That I Do
.Catherines badge is A Maidens Head wearing a Crow Rising From A Large Tudor Rose
.Catherine Used Her Patron Saint, Saint Catherine Of Alexandria, As Inspiration For Her Badge. The Maidenshead Had Long Been Associated With The Parr Family. Maidens Denote Purity, Redemption, Virtuousness And Justice.
She was about 5’10”, the tallest of Henry VIII’s six wives. She had redgold hair and hazel eyes and would be known for her love of impressive jewels, sumptuous French and Italian gowns, and shoes, in one year she would order 47 different pairs compaired to anne boleyns 12 pairs. Catherine Parr was born in August 1512. She was the eldest surviving child of Sir Thomas Parr and Maud Green. She was named after henrys first wife catherine of aragon. Catherine’s initial education was similar to other well-born women, but she developed a passion for learning which would continue throughout her life. In 1529, when she was seventeen, she married Sir Edward Borough who died in the spring of 1533. In the summer of 1534, Catherine married John Neville, 3rd Baron Latimer he was twice Catherine’s age.
In October 1536, during the Lincolnshire Rising, Catholic rebels appeared before the Latimers’ home threatening violence if Latimer did not join their efforts to reinstate the links between England and Rome. Catherine watched as her husband was dragged away. Between October 1536 and April 1537, she lived alone in fear with her step-children, struggling to survive. In January 1537, during the uprising of the North, Catherine and her step-children were held hostage at Snape Castle in Yorkshire. The rebels ransacked the house and sent word to Lord Latimer, that if he did not return immediately they would kill his family. When Latimer returned to the castle, he somehow talked the rebels into releasing his family and leaving.
In late 1542 Catherine was left a rich widow. By 16 February 1543, Catherine had established herself as part of Lady Mary’s household, and it was there that Catherine caught the attention of the King. Although she had begun a romantic friendship with Sir Thomas Seymour, the brother of the late queen Jane Seymour, she saw it as her duty to accept Henry’s proposal. Henry, never one to stomach a rival gave Thomas Seymour a posting in Brussels to remove him from court. Catherine married Henry VIII on 12 July 1543 at Hampton Court Palace. She was the first Queen of England also to be Queen of Ireland Praised for her “certain virtue, wisdom and gentleness,” Catherine provided the closest thing to a stable family life that Henry’s three children had known. She proved an effective nurse to Henry VIII, now weakened by oozing leg ulcers. But Catherine did not forget her religious leanings. She secured the release of reformers imprisoned for their views. She placed leading Protestant thinkers in her own household and that of the heir, Prince Edward. She conducted Bible studies among her ladies-in-waiting and talked religion with the king. Her “Prayers and Meditations,” an anthology work published in November 1545, was hailed by scholars and fired female education among the nobility. A second book, “The Lamentations of a Sinner,” analyzed correct behavior for Christians, observing that married women to be obedient to their husbands.
Henry reportedly thanked God for sending him “so faithful a spouse” and declared to the assembled Privy Council that they should pay Catherine the colossal annuity of £7,000 and the possession of all her jewels as queen. The Queen’s religious views were viewed with suspicion by anti-Protestant officials. A vigorous religious argument between king and queen had been overheard by the anti-reform Bishop Stephen Gardiner, who warned Henry against harboring “a serpent within his own bosom,”. Henry listened, then signed a warrant for Catherine’s arrest on grounds of heresy, which would no doubt end with catherine loosing her head. When a loyal servant dropped the warrant outside the queen’s rooms, she collapsed in hysterics. While her ladies discarded banned books on religion, she hastened to the king who was in the gardens. Henry steered the conversation to religion, commenting that “ye are become a doctor, Kate, to instruct us . . .”, Catherine replied: “I am but a woman, with all the imperfections natural to the weakness of my sex; therefore in all matters of doubt and difficulty I must refer myself to your Majesty’s better judgement, as to my lord and head.” The strategy worked. as the gards came to arrest catherine just moments later henry cried “Knave!,” “Fool!” and “Beast!,” and Queen Catherine would be given a set of gorgeous new jewels as an apoligy.
Married to King Henry at the age of 31, Catherine was a prime pick for stepmother. Elizabeth, overlooked by earlier wives except for Anne of Cleves, forged a close bond with Catherine through their joint love of learning. At 11, Elizabeth translated Catherine’s own best-selling “Prayers and Meditations” into French, Italian and Latin as a present for her father and stepmother. Elizabeth’s 27-year-old half-sister, Mary, joined Catherine’s household from the beginning, acting as a faithful friend and companion. Nine-year-old Edward took a steady interest in his step-mother’s attempts to improve her Latin and commended her efforts. She was to him “very dearest mother.” (He also was not above begging her to keep the Catholic Mary “from all the wiles and enchantments of the evil one. . .”)
When Henry VIII died on January 28, 1547, Catherine was free to shape her own future. She played no role in the regency for nine-year-old King Edward VI. Her official duties ended, Catherine finally looked to her own happiness. Less than four months after Henry’s death, the Queen Dowager married Lord Thomas Seymour. They live at Chelsea Manor in London with catherins 14 year old step daughtr the princess elizabeth. Unknown to Catherine thomas became overly friendly with elizabeth he would often visit her bedroom her bedroom to tickle or try and kiss her. Catherine, suspecting nothing, played along, once holding Elizabeth down while Seymour cut her gown in strips. The truth of Seymour’s infatuation destroyed her friendship with Elizabeth and badly rocked her marriage.
In March 1548, at the age of 35, Catherine became pregnant. This pregnancy was a surprise as Catherine had not conceived during her first three marriages. Catherine’s daughter, Mary was born on August 30, 1548 at Sudeley Castle. But Catherine would not survive the birth. Delirious with puerperal fever, she raged against her husband for hours on end. Catherine died on 5 September 1548. Her will would leave her ambitious husband all of her property, but he would not long survive her, he was executed for treason on 20 March 1549. The fate of her child Mary Seymour is unknown. She most probably did not survive infancy.
Catherine’s funeral was held on 7 September 1548. It was the first Protestant funeral held in English. Her chief mourner was Lady Jane Grey. She was buried in St. Mary’s Chapel on the grounds of Sudeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England. She is the only royal to be buried in a private residence.
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