The Windsor Beauties

The Windsor Beauties

The Windsor Beauties are a famous collection of paintings by Sir Peter Lely, painted in the early to mid-1660s. The name stems from the original location of the collection, which was housed in the Queen’s bedchamber in Windsor Castle. They can now be seen at Hampton Court Palace.

Sir Peter Lely

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Henriette of England, Duchess of Orléans
.Born
16 June 1644

.Died
30 June 1670 (aged 26)
Château de Saint Cloud, France

.Spouse
Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans

.Surviving Children
1 Marie Louise d’Orléans (26 March 1662 – 12 February 1689),
2 Philippe Charles d’Orléans, (16 July 1664 – 8 December 1666),
3 Anne Marie d’Orléans (27 August 1669 – 26 August 1728)

.Father
Charles I of England

.Mother
Henrietta Maria of France

She was the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. Fleeing England with her governess at the age of three, she moved to the court of her first cousin Louis XIV of France, where she was known as Minette. After she married Philippe of France, brother of King Louis XIV, known as Monsieur at court, she became known as Madame. Her marriage was marked by frequent tensions as her husband was was openly homosexual.

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Frances Brooke, The Lady Whitmore

.Born
1640

.Died
1690

.Spouse
1 Sir Thomas Whitmore
2 Matthew Harvey

.Children
1 Henrietta Whitmore
2 Frances Whitmore
3 Dorothy Whitmor

.Father
William Brooke

.Mother
Penelope Hill

She was a British courtier. She was granted the style of a daughter of a baron the honorable Frances Brooke, and then Lady Whitmore.

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Anne Hyde, Duchess of York

.Born
12 March 1637

.Died
31 March 1671

.Spouse
James II, King of England

.Surviving Children
1 Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (30 April 1662 – 28 December 1694),
2 Anne, Queen of Great Britain (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714)

.Father
Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon

.Mother
Frances Aylesbury

As the first wife of the future King James II of England. Originally an Anglican, she converted to Catholicism soon after her marriage to James. This took place in 1660 after she became pregnant by him, but he is said to have promised to marry her the year before. The two first met in the Netherlands while Anne was living in the household of James’ sister Mary. James and Anne had eight children, but six died in early childhood. The two who survived to adulthood were Mary, who succeeded her father after his deposition during the Glorious Revolution of 1688, and Anne, who succeeded her brother-in-law and became the first monarch of Great Britain.

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Elizabeth Percy, Countess of Northumberland

.Born
1646

.Died
19 September 1690

.Spouse
1 Joceline Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland,
2 Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu

.Children
1 Henry Percy, Lord Percy (1668–1669),
2 Lady Elizabeth Percy (1667–1722),
3 John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu (1690 – 1749),
4 Anne Montagu,

.Father
Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton

.Mother
Elizabeth Leigh

Elizabeth Percy (née Wriothesley, was a British courtier. Sir Peter Lely painted her several times.

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Mary, Countess of Falmouth and Dorset

.Born
1645

.Died
1679

.Spouse
1 Charles Berkeley, 1st Earl of Falmouth,
2 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset

.no known Children

.Father
Henry Bagot

.Mother
Dorothea Arden

She was a British courtier and a mistress to King Charles II. Her portrait was previously known as Emilia Butler, Countess of Ossory, but is now identified as Mary, Countess of Falmouth and Dorset.

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Henrietta Hyde, Countess of Rochester

.Born
1646

.Died
12 April 1687

.Spouse
Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester

.Children
1 Lady Anne Hyde
2 Lady Mary Hyde
3 Henry Hyde, 4th Earl of Clarendon
4 Lady Henrietta Hyde

.Father
Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Cork

.Mother
Elizabeth Boyle

She was born in Wiltshire, England. Henrietta was strong-minded and acquisitive, and could be ruthless in asserting her rights. During the last two years of her life, when her husband was Chief Minister to his brother-in-law King James II, Henrietta took full advantage of his power to claim every possible privilege. She clashed bitterly with her husband’s niece, the future Queen Anne over who should have the best apartments in Whitehall Palace. Anne, who could herself be a formidable opponent, complained bitterly of her aunt’s “peevishness” to her.

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Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland

.Born
27 November 1640

.Died
9 October 1709

.Spouse
Roger Palmer, 1st Earl of Castlemaine

.Children
1 Anne Lennard, Countess of Sussex,
2 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland,
3 Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton,
4 Charlotte Lee, Countess of Lichfield,
5 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland,
6 Barbara FitzRoy,

.Father
William Villiers, 2nd Viscount Grandison

.Mother
Mary Bayning

More often known by her maiden name Barbara Villiers or her title of Countess of Castlemaine, was perhaps the most notorious of the many mistresses of King Charles II of England, by whom she had five children, all of them acknowledged and subsequently ennobled. Her influence was so great that she has been referred to as “The Uncrowned Queen”. Her extravagance, bad temper, adultery with the king, and influence at court provoked the diarist John Evelyn to describe her as the “curse of the nation”, whereas Samuel Pepys often wrote admiringly of seeing her.

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Anne Spencer, Countess of Sunderland

.Born
1646

.Died
26 April 1715

.Spouse
Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland

.Children
1 Lord Robert Spencer (1666–1688),
2 Lady Anne Spencer (1667–1690),
3 Lady Isabella (1668–1684),
4 Lady Elizabeth Spencer (1671–1704),
5 Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland (1674–1722)

.Father
George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol

.Mother
Lady Anne Russell

Anne Spencer née Digby married Sunderland on 10 June 1665: the groom had previously broken off their long-standing engagement; according to Samuel Pepys he told his friends that he had reason enough and was resolved never to have her. He soon had second thoughts and their mothers worked together to produce a reconciliation which resulted in an entirely successful marriage. She was a lady-in-waiting to Mary of Modena during the reign of James II, and was present at the birth of the Prince of Wales, signalling to the king that his new child was a boy. She became a close friend of Sarah Churchill, later Duchess of Marlborough, and was disliked by Queen Anne, who was jealous of their friendship.

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Frances Teresa Stewart, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox

.Born
8 July 1647

.Died
15 October 1702

.Spouse
Duke of Richmond and Lennox
.No surviving Children

.Father
Walter Stewart

.Mother
Sophia, a dresser to Queen Henrietta Maria.

She was a prominent member of the Court of the Restoration and famous for refusing to become a mistress of Charles II of England. The great diarist Samuel Pepys recorded that she was the greatest beauty he ever saw. The king’s infatuation was so great that when the queen’s life was despaired of in 1663, it was reported that he intended to marry Stewart, and four years later he was considering the possibility of obtaining a divorce to enable him to make her his wife because she had refused to become his mistress. She was present at the birth of James Francis Edward Stuart, son of James II, in 1688

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Elizabeth Hamilton Countess de Gramont

.Born
1640

.Died
3 June 1708

.Spouse
Philibert, Count de Gramont

.Children
1 Claude Charlotte de Gramont
2 Marie Elizabeth de Gramont

.Father
Sir George Hamilton

.Mother
Mary Butler

was born in Strabane, County Tyrone, Ireland. She became a member of the English court in 1661. She was described as a great beauty and became known for her judgement, charm and sensibility, and she was seen as witty and careful with her words as she, reportedly, said no more than she thought. She also loved practical jokes and mischief. On one occasion, she played a practical joke on two British maids of honour, Lady Muskerry and Miss Blague. She was much courted, by — among others — the Duke of York, the Duke of Richmond and the heir of Norfolk, but she reportedly rejected them all. She was a lady-in-waiting to Louis XIV’s wife Maria Theresa of Spain. She was incriminated in the affaire des poisons in 1679.

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Jane Myddelton or Middleton

.Born
1645

.Died
1692

.Spouse
Charles Myddelton

.Children
1 Jane called Jenny
2 Eleanor

.Father
Sir Robert Needham

.Mother
Jane Cockayne

Described as “representing a soft and slightly torpid type of blonde loveliness, with voluptuous figure, full lips, auburn hair, and dark hazel eyes” Jane Myddelton as a married woman was much courted by men, she is thought to have taken two lovers, Ralph Montagu and Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester.

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Margaret Brooke, Lady Denham

.Born
1647

.Died
1667

.Spouse
John Denham

.No Children

.Father
William Brooke

.Mother

Margaret Brooke was eighteen when she married Sir John Denham in 1665. Soon after the marriage, Lady Denham became a mistress of James, Duke of York (later James II). This was well known throughout the court and would certainly have been obvious to her husband. This constant public humiliation took its toll on John Denham and for a short while he was driven to madness. Around this time, aged only 20, Lady Denham died. It was widely suspected that her husband was responsible for this, poisoning her in a cup of hot chocolate.

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This Post Has 3 Comments

  1. Frances Teresa Stewart is my fave she is so pretty

  2. Margaret Brooke

  3. Ann hydes duchess of York is my favourite

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